21 Jan 2014

Tags: archlinux,linux,building,qutim

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Building Qutim using Qt5

Qutim is a multiprotocol and cross platform messenger. It is written on CPP using Qt library. The project is actively developed. In this paper I will say about building this package in Archlinux using Qt5 library (instead of Qt4 which is used in current AUR packages).

What's wrong?

This package uses qbs for building, which is a bit strange IMHO. A package, which is necessary for building, is in AUR. I recommend to use git version of the package. When I asked Andrea Scarpino (who maintains KDE and Qt packages into the official repos) about qbs, he told me "we will support it in time". And I agree with him, the project seems to be a little unstable.

Prepare

Install dependences. I had used namcap, so maybe I missed something:

pacman -Sy --asdeps clang git libc++abi qt5-quick1 qt5-x11extras
yaourt -S --asdeps jreen-git qbs-git

qbs settings

You may read about qbs on the link or see examples which are provides by the package. qbs uses configuration file that firstly you must create and secondly it is stored in your home directory. In theory a configuration file creating (~/.config/QtProject/qbs.conf) looks like this:

qbs-setup-qt --detect
qbs-detect-toolchains

Firstly we find Qt libraries. Then we find toolchains (such as compilers). And next we must insert a toolchain into Qt profile (for example, we need clang toolchain):

sed 's/clang\\/qt-5-2-0\\/g' -i ~/.config/QtProject/qbs.conf

And there are other ways. You may edit the file manually or use qbs-config-ui or qbs-config. So, we have created the configuration file and put it into build directory:

[General]

[Qt]
filedialog=

[profiles]
clang\cpp\compilerName=clang++
clang\cpp\toolchainInstallPath=/usr/bin
clang\qbs\architecture=x86_64
clang\qbs\endianness=little
clang\qbs\toolchain=clang, llvm, gcc
gcc\cpp\compilerName=g++
gcc\cpp\toolchainInstallPath=/usr/bin
gcc\qbs\architecture=x86_64
gcc\qbs\endianness=little
gcc\qbs\toolchain=gcc
qutim\Qt\core\binPath=/usr/lib/qt/bin
qutim\Qt\core\buildVariant=release
qutim\Qt\core\config=shared, qpa, no_mocdepend, release, qt_no_framework
qutim\Qt\core\docPath=/usr/share/doc/qt
qutim\Qt\core\incPath=/usr/include/qt
qutim\Qt\core\libInfix=
qutim\Qt\core\libPath=/usr/lib
qutim\Qt\core\mkspecPath=/usr/lib/qt/mkspecs/linux-g++
qutim\Qt\core\namespace=
qutim\Qt\core\pluginPath=/usr/lib/qt/plugins
qutim\Qt\core\qtConfig=minimal-config, small-config, medium-config,large-config, full-config, gtk2, gtkstyle, fontconfig, libudev, evdev, xlib,xcb-glx, xcb-xlib, xcb-sm, xrender, accessibility-atspi-bridge, linuxfb, c++11,accessibility, opengl, shared, qpa, reduce_exports, reduce_relocations,clock-gettime, clock-monotonic, mremap, getaddrinfo, ipv6ifname, getifaddrs,inotify, eventfd, system-jpeg, system-png, png, system-freetype, no-harfbuzz,system-zlib, nis, cups, iconv, glib, dbus, dbus-linked, openssl-linked, xcb,xinput2, alsa, pulseaudio, icu, concurrent, audio-backend, release
qutim\Qt\core\version=5.2.0
qutim\cpp\compilerName=clang++
qutim\cpp\toolchainInstallPath=/usr/bin
qutim\qbs\architecture=x86_64
qutim\qbs\endianness=little
qutim\qbs\toolchain=clang, llvm, gcc

qbs-qutim.conf

Patch for sources

The first problem is clang (at least in Archlinux):

diff -ruN qutim.orig/core/libqutim.qbs qutim/core/libqutim.qbs
--- qutim.orig/core/libqutim.qbs    2014-01-06 15:39:56.000000000 +0400
+++ qutim/core/libqutim.qbs 2014-01-06 15:44:54.502175067 +0400
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@
         cpp.linkerFlags: {
             var flags = base;
             if (qbs.toolchain.contains("clang") &&
qbs.targetOS.contains("linux"))
-                flags = flags.concat("-stdlib=libc++ -lcxxrt");
+                flags = flags.concat("-lc++abi");
             return flags;
         }

And the second one is Vk plugin:

diff -ruN qutim.orig/protocols/vkontakte/vreen/vreen.qbs
qutim/protocols/vkontakte/vreen/vreen.qbs
--- qutim.orig/protocols/vkontakte/vreen/vreen.qbs  2014-01-06
15:41:42.000000000 +0400
+++ qutim/protocols/vkontakte/vreen/vreen.qbs   2014-01-06 15:46:47.142178486
+0400
@@ -5,6 +5,7 @@
     property string vreen_qml_path: "bin"
     property string vreen_lib_path: "lib"
     property string vreen_libexec_path: "lib"
+    property string lib_path: "lib"

     property string vreen_version_major:  1
     property string vreen_version_minor: 9

qutim-qbs-1.1.patch

Get sources

# clone repo
git clone https://github.com/euroelessar/qutim
# save qbs.conf
mkdir -p .config/QtProject
cp qbs-qutim.conf .config/QtProject/qbs.conf
# create build directory
mkdir build
# update submodules
cd qutim
git submodule update --init --recursive
# patch
cd ..
patch -p0 -i qutim-qbs-1.1.patch

Building

cd qutim
HOME=$(pwd) qbs -j $(nproc) -d ../build release profile:qutim

I want to create a universal recipe for the building, thus we must set $HOME directory. Flag -j means number of jobs, -d means build directory, release means building type (debug, release), profile is used profile, which is described in the configuration file.

Installation

HOME=$(pwd) sudo qbs install -d ../build --install-root "/usr" profile:qutim

We must set root directory (--install-root), because without this option the package will be installed into / (/bin and /lib).

PKGBUILD

pkgname=qutim-qt5-git
_gitname=qutim
pkgver=v0.3.1.967.gc56d61e
pkgrel=1
pkgdesc="Multiplatform instant messenger (qt5 build). Git version"
arch=('i686' 'x86_64')
url="http://qutim.org"
license=('LGPL' 'GPL3')
depends=('jreen-git' 'libc++abi' 'qt5-quick1' 'qt5-x11extras')
makedepends=('clang' 'qbs')
conflicts=(qutim-0.2_ru-git, qutim-0.3-git, qutim-stable, qutim-git)
source=("${_gitname}::git+https://github.com/euroelessar/qutim.git"
        "qutim-qbs-1.1.patch"
        "qbs-qutim.conf")
md5sums=('SKIP'
         '12c30176729a5230ff7e6effbb1b37f8'
         '40f096b269eb00b040035591fce8e259')

pkgver() {
  cd "${_gitname}"
  git describe --always | sed 's|-|.|g'
}

prepare() {
  # FIXME: dirty hack
  mkdir -p "${srcdir}/.config/QtProject"
  cp "${srcdir}/qbs-qutim.conf" "${srcdir}/.config/QtProject/qbs.conf"
  # create build directory
  if [[ -d ${srcdir}/build ]]; then
    rm -rf "${srcdir}/build"
  fi
  mkdir "${srcdir}/build"

  cd "${_gitname}"
  # update modules
  git submodule update --init --recursive
  # fix qbs build
  cd ..
  patch -p0 -i "${srcdir}/qutim-qbs-1.1.patch"
}

build() {
  cd "${_gitname}"
  HOME="${srcdir}" qbs -j $(nproc) -d ../build release profile:qutim
}

package() {
  cd "${srcdir}/${_gitname}"
  HOME="${srcdir}" qbs install -d ../build --install-root "${pkgdir}/usr" profile:qutim
}

PKGBUILD